Wet classification is the process of separating particles in a feed material depending on their settling rates in a fluid. Larger, heavier sized particles sink to the bottom, while smaller, lighter fractions float to the top and overflow weirs on the equipment. The top water is then free of particles and able to be reused in the processing plant.
With centrifugation, material is dewatered by centrifugal force — a force that draws particles in inertia away from the centre of rotation. Solid particles in a slurry are separated from liquid particles by a rapidly rotating cylindrical bowl in the centre of an enclosed frame. Denser particles of the slurry move away from the axis of rotation, while less-dense particles move closer toward the axis. The largest particles are discharged as a thick, dewatered underflow, while the water and fine material discharge separately.
Dewatering through filtration separates liquids from solids by introducing a medium through which only the liquid can pass. Water and other liquids are removed from the slurry, draining out through a permeable barrier or filter media, and leave a trapped cake of drier solids that are too large to pass through the barrier or filter media. Dewatering through filtration creates dry material as well as reusable process water.
The Importance Of Dewatering
Adding dewatering equipment into the wet processing plant can remove moisture from the final product, while capturing minute particles in the wastewater. Dewatering equipment produces a drier material, and the water removed from the product can be recycled back to into the processing plant. The goal with dewatering is to produce the driest possible solids and the cleanest possible filtrate.
Removing moisture from the material has several other benefits in addition to creating dry, solid cakes and reusable process water. First, dewatered material is easy to handle and less expensive to transport. Second, dewatered material reduces stockpile drying time, which frees up land space on your site. Finally, using dewatering equipment to remove moisture from a particle-laden slurry at the final stage of the wet processing plant can reduce the amount of material that is destined for the settling pond. Because of this, in some cases dewatering equipment can help reduce or potentially eliminate the need for a settling pond.
With McLanahan’s dewatering solutions, mineral producers can achieve drier, easier-to-handle solids and clean, reusable process water.